smiling toddler boy playing outside in the playhouse

Developmental Milestones: Two Years

The way your child learns, plays, and acts shows you important steps in development. All children grow and develop at their own rate. However, most follow a predictable skill path along the way. These skill paths are called developmental milestones; skills that most children can perform by a certain age. Refer to the checklist below to determine what milestones your child has completed by two years of age.

By two years most children: 

Fine Motor (skills that require balance and movement of small muscle groups)

_ Turn the pages of a cardboard book independently.

_ Use a turning motion with their wrist when attempting to turn a door knob, wind up a toy, or twist tops.

_ Stack at least six blocks without the tower falling.

_ Complete a three piece shape puzzle (circle, square, triangle).

 

Cognitive (memory, problem solving, thinking, and overall play)

_ Imitate a model from memory such as feeding a baby doll.

_ Begin to sort shapes and colors.

_ Play simple pretend games.

_ Find items that have been hidden under two or three cloths.

_ Complete sentences and rhymes in familiar books.

 

Communication

_ Say words overheard in conversation.

_ Follow directions consistently.

_ Point to pictures in a book when they are named.

_ Correctly name at least one picture when asked “What’s this?”

_ Put two words together independently such as “drink milk” or “car fall.”

 

Social-Emotional

_ Copy activities adults do (sweeping, wiping up a spill, shaving, combing their hair).

_ Begin to become more independent “I can do it.”

_ Play mainly next to other children, but are starting to play with other children, such as in chase games.

 

Gross Motor

_ Attempt to kick a ball by walking into it or kicks a ball by swinging their leg forward.

_ Walk up and down the stairs independently (can hold on to the railing or wall).

_ Run well and stop without falling or bumping into things.

_ Jump in place with both feet leaving the floor.

 

Self-Care

_ Begin to feed themselves with a fork.

_ Feed themselves with a spoon without spilling.

_ Begin to be exposed to potty training.

_ Pull off simple clothing such as shoes or pants.

_ Pull a zipper up and down that has already been started.

_ Undress themselves.

Talk to your doctor or contact an early intervention program in your community if you notice any of the following signs of a possible developmental delay in your child at two years of age.

_ Doesn’t know what to do with common objects such as a brush, phone, spoon, or cup.

_ Doesn’t copy actions or words.

_ Doesn’t follow simple directions.

_ Loss of skills.

_ Drools or has very unclear speech.

ASQ. Ages and Stages Questionnaires, Third Edition (ASQ – 3)

CDD. Centers for Disease Control <www.cdc.gov>

D’Eugenio, Diane and Rogers, Sally J. Early Intervention Developmental Profile (EIDP). 1981. University of Michigan.

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