The way your child learns, plays, and acts shows you important steps in development. All children grow and develop at their own rate. However, most follow a predictable skill path along the way. These skill paths are called developmental milestones; skills that most children can perform by a certain age. Refer to the checklist below to determine what milestones your child has completed by 1 year of age.
By one year most children:
Fine Motor (skills that require balance and movement of small muscle groups)
_ Successfully pick up a Cheerio using their thumb and all their fingers.
_ Pick up a Cheerio using the tip of their thumb and one finger.
_ Help turn the pages of a cardboard book.
Cognitive (memory, problem solving, thinking, and overall play)
_ Hold a toy in each hand and bang them together.
_ Are able to find a toy after watching you completely hide it under a blanket.
_ Copy your actions such as placing a toy in a box (they may not let go of the toy).
_ Copy scribbling back and forth on paper with a crayon.
_ Are able to complete a task without seeing the actions (wave bye-bye without you waving first, cover eyes when told peek-a-boo).
_ Follow a simple direction such as “come here” or “give it to me.”
_ Say three words such as mama, baba, or dada (a “word” is a sound they use consistently to mean someone or something).
_ Point to objects they want.
_ Smile at other children.
_ Give a toy to an adult.
_ Initiate play by bringing over toys and books.
_ Leave contact with a familiar person repeatedly.
_ While holding onto furniture, they bend down, pick up a toy and return to standing.
_ Cruise around furniture while holding on with one hand.
_ Take several steps while holding your hand for balance.
_ Stand in the middle of the floor unsupported.
_ Begin to feed themselves with a spoon with a lot of spilling.
_ Drink from a cup with a lid.
_ Help with dressing by lifting a foot or pushing their arms through the sleeves.
Talk to your doctor or contact an early intervention program in your community if you notice any of the following signs of a possible developmental delay in your child at one year of age.
_ No crawling.
_ Can’t stand when supported.
_ Doesn’t learn gestures such as waving or shaking their head.
_ Doesn’t point to things they wants.
_ Loss of skills.
ASQ. Ages and Stages Questionnaires, Third Edition (ASQ – 3)
CDD. Centers for Disease Control <www.cdc.gov>
D’Eugenio, Diane and Rogers, Sally J. Early Intervention Developmental Profile (EIDP). 1981. University of Michigan.