Does your Newborn have a Blocked Tear Duct?

By: Stephanie Shabangu, Penfield Children’s Center Reviewed by: Kelsey Sorvick, RN, Penfield Children’s Center Ahhhh newborns. So sweet, so bundled up, and so…complicated. Bringing home a newborn is exciting and scary. In the hospital, doctors and nurses are at a mother’s beck and call, usually available to answer any questions. For first time parents, especially, …

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Keeping Kids Safe from Lead

By: Matt Stienstra, Advocacy Campaign Manager, Hunger Task Force For hundreds of years, lead was used in building materials and everyday products. Lead is versatile, durable and easily attainable. However, even small amounts of lead are harmful, especially to younger children and women of child-bearing age. Lead can cause permanent damage to our health. In …

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Sad child, boy, sitting on a window sill, watching the sunset

The Importance of Addressing Early Childhood Trauma from Domestic Violence

By: Courtney Ernst, M.S., LPC-IT, Family Counselor, Penfield Children’s Center and Stephanie Shabangu, Penfield Children’s Center According to the Milwaukee Health Department, domestic violence is a type of abuse within a familiar relationship that allows the abuser to control another person. It includes different types of abuse, including physical, sexual, emotional and financial abuse, among …

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sad young girl looking down, walking

When a Parent Dies

By: Stephanie Shabangu, Penfield Children’s Center Reviewed by: Heather Rotolo, LCSW, Clinical Director-Behavior Clinic at Penfield Children’s Center The death of a parent is never easy. Whether it comes after a long illness or happens unexpectedly, loved ones often go through a series of emotions to come to turns with the new reality. As adults, …

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smiling young girl with long brown hair washing hands in the kitchen

Using Music to Establish a Routine

By: Rebecca Michelsen, M.Ed., MCHES, Penfield Children’s Center No matter how old your child is, it is never too late create a routine for him.  There are many benefits to establishing a routine for your child. Routines provide structure that help children feel secure, confident and ready to take on new challenges. Routines also play …

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Blonde girl blowing her nose


By: Lainie Harris, Penfield Children’s Center While nosebleeds are common in children 3 to 10 years old, they can still be scary when they occur. However, they are rarely cause for alarm. Most nosebleeds in children are caused by nose picking or dry air and will stop on their own and are easy to manage, …

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Mother and son sitting on sofa and talking about something.

How to be a Good Stepparent

By: Lainie Harris, Penfield Children’s Center Being a stepparent can be very fulfilling. It can also be very challenging. The blending of families is often both beautiful and chaotic. According to, the initial role of a stepparent is that of another caring adult in a child’s life, similar to a loving family member or …

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adorable baby boy outdoors posing on green grass

Bug Spray and Babies

By: Lainie Harris, Penfield Children’s Center While the summer months can be filled with hours of sunshine and endless play, they are also filled with insects. These pests pose more of a threat than you may think, and while we often dismiss mosquito bites and other such bumps, there is a plethora of potential issues …

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young boy looking in mirror playing with two fidget spinners

Are Fidget Spinners Safe?

By: Stephanie Shabangu, Penfield Children’s Center From beanie babies to video games, there is always that one toy that every kid has to own. The most recent craze, fidget spinners, has been marketed as not only a toy, but also a device to help children with attention issues. They’ve been touted as instruments that help …

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mother and toddler laughing dressed in white

Does My Child Have a Language Delay?

By: Kathleen Llaurado, Speech and Language Pathologist at Penfield Montessori Academy Is my child a “late bloomer” or does he have a language delay? The stages a child passes through in the development of speech and language are consistent.  However, the age when they hit these developmental milestones varies a lot between children. As a …

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Little baby boy sitting on the sand with lake in the background

Protecting Your Child from the Summer Heat

By: Lainie Harris, Penfield Children’s Center As summer kicks off, there are seemingly endless outdoor activities to fill the days. While spending time at the beach, in parks, and at various festivals or farmer’s markets, it is very important to be mindful of the heat and sun exposure that your child gets. According to experts …

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baby girl with bib drinking a glass of juice

Is it Healthy for Children to Drink Juice?

By: Lainie Harris, Penfield Children’s Center Fruit juices are a staple of many young children’s diets. Recently, however, the American Academy of Pediatrics put out new recommendations on juice consumption for infants and children. Health professionals recommend that the intake of juice should be limited to, at most, four ounces per day for toddlers 1 …

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playful sandwich with smiley faces and carrots on the side

Sneaky Fruits and Veggies

By: Cristina Moreno, Bilingual Outreach Specialist, Penfield Children’s Center Food that is labeled ‘enriched’ or ‘fortified’ really just means that vitamins, minerals, proteins, calories, or fiber have been added to make it more nutritious, which can be a good thing, and is sometimes even necessary for growth. However, any time I hear the word ‘enrich’ …

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Mother And Daughter Playing In Home Made Garden Den

Avoiding the Summer Slide

By: Rebecca Michelsen, M.Ed., MCHES, Penfield Children’s Center No more pencils, no more books, no more teachers’ dirty looks! While school is out for summer it is still important to keep children’s minds engaged and learning so they are ready for the next school year and can avoid the “summer slide.” In fact, studies show …

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young blonde boy dressed as superman with sky in background

Building Your Child’s Self-Esteem

By: Amy Beschta, M.S., L.P.C., Penfield Children’s Center Raising children is no easy task, especially if your child has issues with self-esteem or feels she may be inferior in some way to her friends or classmates. As parents, we can start helping our children build a positive perception of themselves early on. While some children …

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blonde boy toddler crying with mom hugging

Head Injuries in Children

By: Stephanie Shabangu, Penfield Children’s Center Reviewed by: Kelsey Sorvick, RN, Penfield Children’s Center While bumps and bruises are a part of every child’s life, it is important to pay attention to head injuries, no matter how small. According to, there are two types of head injuries:  external and internal injuries. An external injury …

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