baby boy crawling near baby gate

Child Proofing and Home Safety

When a baby starts to crawl, it is an exciting time for everyone.  Parents are thrilled to see their child hit an important developmental milestone and explore the surrounding world with wonder.  Unfortunately, there are many things for a curious baby to discover inside his own home that could be dangerous.  It is important for …

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smiling toddler boy playing with toys on the floor

Establishing Routines for Home, Bedtime and the Classroom

Routines give children a sense of security and help them develop self-discipline. As adults, we don’t realize the number of times per day our children’s routines are disrupted and how that can affect them. Every day, children experience developmental change without much upheaval, but environmental changes in routine need to be acknowledged. This is especially important …

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mother and young boy staring at each other

Behavior and Discipline

Discipline is a good thing. This is how children learn which behaviors parents want to see more of and which behaviors should be avoided. There are a few things parents should remember when thinking about discipline. First of all, children are human beings. They have their own minds, desires and plans. That doesn’t mean that they …

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portrait of sad toddler girl rubbing eyes

How to Deal With Tantrums in Public

A child’s early years are full of developmental milestones. While a child’s first steps have us running for the camera, a toddler’s first tantrums have us running for the hills. Even worse is when these tantrums occur in public. Ideally, most of the work done to control tantrums will happen at home, where ignoring an …

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young boy eating watermelon with a fork

Healthy Snacks for Kids

Although it’s easy to grab a prepackaged snack for your child, processed snacks lack proper nutritional value and are often high in sugar. But by devoting time to making healthy snacks easily accessible, good food can be within arm’s reach for your child.  Preparing healthy snacks with your kids will get them more excited about …

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smiling toddler girl with pink glasses

A Closer Look at Childhood Vision Impairment

When taking a closer look at the percentages surrounding childhood vision impairment, the statistics may be surprising. Some 60% of students identified as problem learners have undetected vision troubles. An estimated 80% of what we learn is through our vision. A whopping 85% of America’s pre-schoolers haven’t undergone a comprehensive vision exam by age 5. …

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baby boy on large blue ball with physical therapist

Pediatric Physical Therapy

The goal of Pediatric Physical Therapy is to help children independently perform everyday gross motor skills like jumping and running and functional mobility skills like stair climbing and wheelchair mobility. Pediatric Physical Therapists work with children and their families to assist children in reaching their maximum potential to function independently and to promote active participation …

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mother, father and kids laughing in the living room

The Importance of Family Time

Family time is important.  It increases a family’s bond, communication and health and well-being. However, with dual income homes, extracurricular activities and weekend events it can be difficult to find time to spend together as a family.  Advances in technology have also put constraints on the time that families spend together. Both parents and children …

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tiny baby sleeping in pink fuzzy blanket


A baby is considered premature if it is less than 37 weeks old at birth.  A premature baby, or preemie, is not fully developed, meaning some vital organs may not be functioning to their full potential or not yet ready to operate at all. While a full-term newborn weighs about seven pounds at birth on …

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close up of toddler boy's face

Childhood Fevers

What is a fever? Fever is determined by a rectal temperature over 100.4 F or 38.0 C and is one of the most common reasons for child emergency rooms visits.  Fever in a child may indicate serious illness, but more commonly fever is caused by infections that are easily treated.  If a fever is extremely …

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Will Branch makes music with our kids

The Effects of Music on Childhood Development

Since nearly the beginning of human history, music has been used as a force for healing. Aristotle taught that “When we hear (music and poetry) our very soul is altered.” From Hippocrates to Native American medicine men, people have long used singing and playing instruments to cure. In modern times, scholars and doctors have researched …

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laughing baby with occupational therapist

Occupational Therapy for Children

A child’s main job is to play and learn.  According to the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA), occupational therapy helps children fully participate in daily activities or “occupations.”  Occupational therapists evaluate and treat the physical well-being, psychological, social and environmental factors that may hinder a child’s ability to function. Occupational therapy works to improve development …

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smiling girl playing outside

Healthy Choices for Toddlers

Amy Bontempo, Family Programs Coordinator at Penfield Children’s Center Teaching good nutrition starts early in life.  Set by example.  A parent who chooses to live a healthy lifestyle will teach his/her child to do the same.  Offer food choices from every food group, a collection of foods that share similar nutritional properties.  How dinner is …

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