mother and toddler laughing dressed in white

Does My Child Have a Language Delay?

By: Kathleen Llaurado, Speech and Language Pathologist at Penfield Montessori Academy Is my child a “late bloomer” or does he have a language delay? The stages a child passes through in the development of speech and language are consistent.  However, the age when they hit these developmental milestones varies a lot between children. As a …

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New sneakers on boys feet, outdoor

Best Shoes for Little Feet

By: Stephanie Shabangu, Penfield Children’s Center Reviewed by: Patty Cotter, PT, C/NDT, Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy Department Supervisor and Jayne Emerson, OTR, Penfield Children’s Center These days, stores abound with adorable baby shoes of all shapes and colors. It can be tempting to pick out the cutest furry boots or sparkly sandals for your …

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Developing Handwriting Skills

Did you know? Crawling, playing with blocks and learning the alphabet song actually help develop handwriting skills down the road. As your child gets older, finger painting and coloring with markers and crayons help fine tune motor skills and prepare your child for handwriting success!

child sitting on toilet from the feet down

Toilet Training – Signs of Readiness

Toilet or potty training is a topic that causes many parents a great deal of anxiety. Now imagine toilet training a child with Special Needs. Maybe the child is non-verbal and unable to communicate his needs. Or maybe the child has cognitive delays and cannot grasp the concept. For children with sensory aversions, the feeling …

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young boy coloring with crayons

The Importance of Fine Motor Skill Development

Fine motor skills are those that involve a refined use of the small muscles which control the hand, fingers and thumb. With the development of these skills, a child is able to complete important tasks such as writing, feeding oneself, buttoning and zippering. These abilities gradually develop through experience and exposure to a variety of …

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baby looking into camera

The Importance of Tummy Time

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that all babies sleep on their backs and spend time on their tummies when awake and supervised. What is so important about tummy time? Babies are born very tightly curled up, a position they keep during those last few months of gestation. After they are born, babies need to …

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When Should My Baby Crawl?

Crawling is your baby’s first opportunity to move around independently and get ready to walk. Watch the following video to learn what you can do to help prepare your baby for crawling and stay safe while doing it. Related video on early childhood development: When Should My Baby Sit up? 

When Should My Baby Sit Up?

Sitting up is your baby’s first step to crawling, standing and learning to walk. Watch the following video to learn when your baby should start sitting up and how you can support the process. Related articles on early child development: Appropriate Play and Activities for a Baby Helping Your Child’s Speech Development Transitioning Your Child …

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close up of smiling toddler girl playing outside

Developmental Milestones: Year One

The way your child learns, plays, and acts shows you important steps in development. All children grow and develop at their own rate. However, most follow a predictable skill path along the way. These skill paths are called developmental milestones; skills that most children can perform by a certain age. Refer to the checklist below …

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